Summons 5. The Presumption of Summons is that by custom a summons unrebutted stands and therefore one who attends Court is presumed to accept a position (defendant, juror, witness) and jurisdiction of the court. Attendance to court is usually invitation by summons. Unless the summons is rejected and returned, with a copy of the rejection filed prior to choosing to visit or attend, jurisdiction and position as the accused and the existence of guilt stands -12 presumptions of court
Keywords are listed in alphabetical order by first letter of the term for easy locating and come from links in the revalent section on the website for better comprehension.
Some Keywords are the simple comprehension of the word by the use of prefixes and suffix chart as in Deceased break down to de-ceased so the de =not , So not ceased. This simple method roots out the true meaning of the word
Abatement \A*bate"ment\ (-ment), n. [OF. abatement, F. abattement.]
1. The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an end to; as, the abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof. [1913 Webster]
More : See Dict.org set lookup criteria to "any" and lookup the word abatement . scroll down to see complete information on abatements
From the beginning
Ab means the Hebrew name of father, as in abba father
aboriginal breakdown ---- ab-= father so ab+ original = fathers original!
Absolute \Ab"so*lute\, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See Absolve.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch. [1913 Webster]
“The right to travel over a street or highway is a primary absolute right of everyone.” --Foster’s Inc. V. Boise City, 118 P.2d 721, 728. Also see Smallwood v. Jeter, 42 Idaho 169. The absolute rights of individuals may be resolved into the right of personal security, the right of personal liberty, and the right to acquire and enjoy property. These rights are declared to be natural, inherent, and unalienable. -- Atchison & N. R. Co. V. Baty, 6 Neb. 37, 40, 29 Am. Rep. 356. By the "absolute rights" of individuals is meant those which are so in their primary and strictest sense, such as would belong to their persons merely in a state of nature, and which every man is entitled to enjoy, whether out of society or in it. The rights of personal security, of personal liberty, and private property do not depend upon the Constitution for their existence. They existed before the Constitution was made, or the government was organized. These are what are termed the "absolute rights" of individuals, which belong to them independently of all government, and which all governments which derive their power from the consent of the governed were instituted to protect. --People v. Berberrich (N. Y.) 20 Barb. 224, 229; McCartee v. Orphan Asylum Soc. (N. Y.) 9 Cow. 437, 511, 513, 18 Am. Dec. 516; People v. Toynbee (N. Y.) 2 Parker, Cr. R. 329, 369, 370 (quoting 1 Bl. Comm. 123). Words and Phrases, West Publishing Company.
Overstanding: The word Absolute broken down into Ab -solute or ab soultion Ab means father as in abba so ab -solution means fathers solution , start seeing words and you see the answers
Abstract \Ab"stract`\ (#; 277), a. [L. abstractus, p. p. of abstrahere to draw from, separate; ab, abs + trahere to draw. See Trace.]
1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]
The more abstract . . . we are from the body. --Norris. [1913 Webster]
2. Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult. [1913 Webster]
3. (Logic) (a) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word. --J. S. Mill.
(b) Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, "reptile" is an abstract or general name. --Locke. [1913 Webster]
A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression "abstract name" to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes. --J. S. Mill. [1913 Webster]
Meaning : ACCOMODATION, com. law. That which is done by one merchant or other person
for the convenience of some other, by accepting or endorsing his paper, or
by lending him his notes or bills.
2. In general the parties who have drawn, endorsed or accepted bills or
other commercial paper for the accommodation, of others, are, while in the
hands of a holder who received them before they became due, other than the
person for whom the accommodation was given, responsible as if they had
received full value. Chit. Bills, 90; 91. See 4 Cranch, 141; 1 Ham. 413; 7
John. 361; 15 John. 355, 17 John. 176; 9 Wend. 170; 2 Whart. 344; 5 Wend.
566; 8 Wend. 437; 2 Hill, S. C. 362; 10 Conn. 308; 6 Munfd. 381.
Innerstanding: What is done for someone so as not to be confused or put out by a policy made for others but applied to all without an exemption due to a special circumstance.
Acceptance for value is a commercial right that is obtained through instruments such as tax bills and violation tickets. It is a qualified endorsement or modified signature on an instrument. By accepting an instrument for value, one becomes the holder in due course of the instrument and can enforce the instrument on the issuer.
3. To perform, as an actor; to represent dramatically on the stage. [1913 Webster]
4. To assume the office or character of; to play; to personate; as, to act the hero. [1913 Webster] 5. To feign or counterfeit; to simulate. [1913 Webster]
Simply say 5 words " A mistake has been made " then sit down and be quiet
Affidavits are only for commercial records we do not speak for the fiction so as living beings only do verifications by testimony's as witness statements " in the form of" an Affidavit
In the law, testimony is a form of evidence that is obtained from a witness who makes a solemn statement or declaration of fact. Testimony may be oral or written, and it is usually made by oath or affirmation under penalty of perjury.
Source :Testimony - Wikipedia
Wherever, under any law of the United States or under any rule, regulation, order, or requirement made pursuant to law, any matter is required or permitted to be supported, evidenced, established, or proved by the sworn declaration, verification, certificate, statement, oath, or affidavit, in writing of the person making the same (other than a deposition, or an oath of office, or an oath required to be taken before a specified official other than a notary public), such matter may, with like force and effect, be supported, evidenced, established, or proved by the unsworn declaration, certificate, verification, or statement, in writing of such person which is subscribed by him, as true under penalty of perjury, and dated, in substantially the following form: (1) If executed without the United States: “I declare (or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date).
(2) If executed within the United States, its territories, possessions, or commonwealths: “I declare (or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date).
Overstanding : Remember that living people cannot give Affidavits ---- only Testimony in the Form of an Affidavit. So if you are not acting as a corporation or a corporate officer, never label anything you submit for any court or public record an "Affidavit".
Agent \A"gent\, a. [L. agens, agentis, p. pr. of agere to act; akin to Gr. ? to lead, Icel. aka to drive, Skr. aj. [root]2.] Acting; -- opposed to patient, or sustaining, action. [Archaic] "The body agent." --Bacon. [1913 Webster]
One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor. [1913 Webster]
Heaven made us agents, free to good or ill. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]
One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor. [1913 Webster]
Overstanding : In a trust the agent's office adds "or" to its duty for example a gift or grant is given by a grantor and received be a grantee. This is to distinguish artificial fiction offices from Real people in their natural capacity as "er"'s S ell-ers and buy-ers . An agent acts for the principle so has the "or" suffix the principle operating direcly is normally a "er" suffix. A skier cannot be a skior as no one can ski for another so skior does not exist in the lanuage
\At*torn"\, v. i. [OF. atorner, aturner, atourner, to direct, prepare, dispose, attorn (cf. OE. atornen to return, adorn); [`a] (L. ad) + torner to turn; cf. LL. attornare to commit business to another, to attorn; ad + tornare to turn, L. tornare to turn in a lathe, to round off. See Turn, v. t.]
1. (Feudal Law) To turn, or transfer homage and service, from one lord to another. This is the act of feudatories, vassals, or tenants, upon the alienation of the estate. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]
2. (Modern Law) To agree to become tenant to one to whom reversion has been granted. [1913 Webster]
A WORD OF CAUTION: Note: Not legal advice ! Just finds off the Internet do your own research.
One who hires an Attorney-At-Law cannot bring a lawful Process against an Emergency Powers Court because Attorneys are Agents of the Court (Officers of the Court) and they only use the Process allowed by the Court (that licensed the Attorney to practice before that Court).
All "Bar Members" are Agents of Emergency Powers Courts. You must, therefore, never hire an Attorney to appear on a case in an Emergency Powers Court. Doing so makes one "non compos mentis" (i.e., not mentally competent) and automatically gives the Court jurisdiction over one's self.
"Arrest Warrants" (with a signature of a Judge [black ink] that is supported with proper "Affidavits" and "Court Seals") are lawful Processes and they cannot be used within Emergency Powers Courts. That is why such "Warrants" are never proper.
BENEFIT OF DISCUSSION, civil law. The right at the instance of a surety has to cause the property of the principal debtor to be applied in satisfaction of the obligation in the first instance. before having recourse to the surety. this right is called benefit of discussion !See Civil Code of Lo. art. 3014 to 3020, and Discussion.
A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
This word denotes the special privileges and advantages belonging to the first-born son among the Jews. He became the priest of the family. Thus Reuben was the first-born of the patriarchs, and so the priesthood of the tribes belonged to him. That honour was, however, transferred by God from Reuben to Levi (Num. 3:12, 13; 8:18).
(2.) The first-born son had allotted to him also a double portion of the paternal inheritance (Deut. 21:15-17). Reuben was, because of his undutiful conduct, deprived of his birth-right (Gen. 49:4; 1 Chr. 5:1). Esau transferred his birth-right to Jacob (Gen. 25:33).
(3.) The first-born inherited the judicial authority of his father, whatever it might be (2 Chr. 21:3). By divine appointment, however, David excluded Adonijah in favour of Solomon.
(4.) The Jews attached a sacred importance to the rank of "first-born" and "first-begotten" as applied to the Messiah (Rom. 8:29; Col. 1:18; Heb. 1:4-6). As first-born he has an inheritance superior to his brethren, and is the alone true priest.
<- <-<- One who transfers or assigns.
Innerstanding : So if a cedent is one who transfers or cedes , then a decedent is one who has not transferred back or returned or assigned the certificate . "De" means not as in de forest or de criminalize. See De-prefix below . It is exercising our domicile of choice ! transferring from one jurisdiction to another See domicile
1. A load or burded laid upon a person or thing. [1913 Webster]
2. A person or thing committed or in trust to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust. [1913 Webster]
Note: The people of a parish or church are called the charge of the clergyman who is set over them. [1913 Webster]
5. No man can have more than one Christian name; 1 Ld. Raym. 562;
Bac. Ab. Misnomer, A; though two or more names usually kept separate, as John and Peter, may undoubtedly be compounded, so as to form, in contemplation of law, but one. 5 T. R. 195.
A letter put between the Christian and surname, as an abbreviation of a part of the Christian name, as, John B. Peterson, is no part of either. 4 WattsR. 329;
5 John. R. 84; 14 Pet. R. 322; 3 Pet. R. 7; 2 Cowen. 463; Co. Litt. 3 a; 1 Ld. Raym. 562; , Vin. Ab. Misnomer, C 6, pl. 5 and 6: Com. Dig. Indictment, G 1, note u; Willes, R. 654; Bac. Abr. Misnomer and Addition; 3 Chit. Pr. 164 to 173; 1 Young, R. 602. But see 7 Watts & Serg. 406.
a person concerned with or experienced in the administration of a city.
"the city fathers decided to build a museum "
city father n.
A municipal official, such as a council member.
Choice of law is a procedural stage in the litigation of a case involving the conflict of laws when it is necessary to reconcile the differences between the laws of different legal jurisdictions, such as sovereign states, federated states (as in the US), or provinces.
The "traditional approach" looks to territorial factors, e.g. the domicile or nationality of the parties, where the components comprising each cause of action occurred, where any relevant assets, whether movable or immovable, are located, etc., and chooses the law or laws that have the greatest connection to the cause(s) of action. Even though this is a very flexible system, there has been some reluctance to apply it and various "escape devices" have developed, which allow courts to apply their local laws (the lex fori) even though the disputed events took place in a different jurisdiction.
Compos mentis \Com"pos men"tis\ a. [L.] (Law)
Sane in mind; being of sound mind, memory, and understanding. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
The conveyancer is the transferrer of the property
Conveyancers. Twenty-six. Conveyancers shall pay ten dollars. Every person, other than one having paid the special tax as a lawyer or claim agent, whose business it is to draw deeds, bonds, mortgages, wills, writs, or other legal papers, or to examine titles to real estate, shall be regarded as a conveyancer.
Simply put, Conveyancing is the process of exchanging ownership in property. The Conveyancing process usually consists of three stages: pre-contract, pre-settlement and post-settlement.. The man or woman as the hand or subscribers (subscriber means under my hand) is the conveyancer.
1. Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction; used chiefly with run or go; as, to run counter to the rules of virtue; he went counter to his own interest. Websters online 1828
Innerstanding: A counterdeed is a private ( private affects the one) act of One by free will action with intent to alter one or more Public ( public affects the many) records held in the custody of a public ( available to all) administrative record system of a public corporation keeping records of events and activities and calling the kept records, vital statistics or citizens or members. Executing the counterdeed act ( document counter measure ) in regard to the exsisting record , either before a corporate public official as witness and sealed under their hand as proof of authenticity of the act OR by our own private mark ( thumb print or autograph) before two or three living beings as witnessess. The effect of the execution of the counter deed act either destroys that public record, invalidates that public record , makes that public record void and changes or alters the public record content and thereby it's implications
The public record being counteracted is a document which was orginally created by a public trustee ( some type of record administrator) who signed , sealed and delivered the "orginal " wet ink two sided document as the official document into the public records to start the Masterfile of the office created, stating under corporate seal the valid intent of the document executer as witnessed by the paid official acting as trustee of the public record as handling authority /employee of the public corporation , to witness actions on document records that effect changes to the public records.
A record counter deed changes the very nature of the public record itself by the changing either the orginal content or intent of what the record was orginally documented for. A public record can be any type of document open to the public or able to be viewed at any time by the many.
1. By country is meant the state of which one is a member.
2. Every man's country is in general the state in which he happens to have been born, though there are some exceptions. See Domicile; Inhabitant. But a man has the natural right to expatriate himself i.e. to abandon his country, or his right of citizenship acquired by means of naturalization in any country, in which he may of taken up his residence See allegiance ; Citizen; Expiration in another sense, country is the same as pais.
The session of a judicial assembly. [1913 Webster]
Any jurisdiction, civil, military, or ecclesiastical. [1913 Webster]
Court of record (pron. r?*k?rd" in Eng.), a court whose acts and judicial proceedings are written on parchment or in books for a perpetual memorial.
Overstanding: The court is simply the clerks of the records. They administer the record of the members of the group. The administration of what the record show you've agreed to is what we generally know as court! It's not a building
1. A character used in cursive writing. [1913 Webster]
2. A manuscript, especially of the New Testament, written in small, connected characters or in a running hand; -- opposed to uncial. --Shipley. [1913 Webster]
Uncial \Un"cial\, a. [L. uncialis amounting to the twelfth part of a pound or a foot, from uncia the twelfth part of a pound or of a foot, an ounce, an inch: cf. F. oncial. See Inch a measure.] Of, pertaining to, or designating, a certain style of letters used in ancient manuscripts, esp. in Greek and Latin manuscripts. The letters are somewhat rounded, and the upstrokes and downstrokes usually have a slight inclination. These letters were used as early as the 1st century b. c., and were seldom used after the 10th century a. d., being superseded by the cursive style. [1913 Webster]
Declaration \Dec`la*ra"tion\, n. [F. d['e]claration, fr. L. declaratio, fr. declarare. See Declare.]
1. The act of declaring, or publicly announcing; explicit asserting; undisguised token of a ground or side taken on any subject; proclamation; exposition; as, the declaration
of an opinion; a declaration of war, etc. [1913 Webster]
2. That which is declared or proclaimed; announcement; distinct statement; formal expression; avowal. [1913 Webster] Declarations of mercy and love . . . in the Gospel. --Tillotson. [1913 Webster]
3. The document or instrument containing such statement or proclamation; as, the Declaration of Independence (now preserved in Washington). [1913 Webster]
In 1776 the Americans laid before Europe that noble Declaration, which ought to be hung up in the nursery of every king, and blazoned on the porch of every royal palace. --Buckle. [1913 Webster]
4. (Law) That part of the process or pleadings in which the plaintiff sets forth in order and at large his cause of complaint; the narration of the plaintiff's case containing the count, or counts. See Count, n., 3. [1913 Webster]
Certificate \Cer*tif"i*cate\, n. [F. certificat, fr. LL. certificatus made certain, p. p. of certificare. See tify.] 1. A written testimony to the truth of any fact; as, certificate of good behavior. [1913 Webster] 2. A written declaration legally authenticated. [1913 Webster]
A certificate creditor is a creditor of a municipal corporation who receives a certificate of indebtedness for the amount of his claim, there being no funds on hand to pay him. Johnson v. New Orleans, 46 La. Ann. 714, 15 South. 100.
Chose is a term used in common law tradition to refer to rights in property, specifically a combined bundle of rights.
A chose describes the enforcement right which a party possesses in an object.
In English and commonwealth law, all personal things fall into one of two categories, either choses in action or choses in possession. English law uses a chose to refer to a bundle of rights, traditionally relating to property which may be utilized in certain circumstances.
A Chose in action: refers to a bundle of personal rights which can only be enforced or claimed by a chose-holder bringing an action through the court to enforce the action.
This is contrasted with a chose in possession which represents rights which can be enforced or acquired by taking physical possession of the chose.
This may be, for example a legal mortgage. Both choses in possession and choses in action create separate proprietary interests. What differs between each is the method in which each chose may be enforced. This is dependent on the possessory nature of the reference object..
A chose in action is a common recovery.
A common recovery was a legal proceeding in England that enabled lawyers to convert an entailed estate (a form of land ownership also called a fee tail) into absolute ownership, fee simple. This was accomplished through the use of a legal fiction devised by lawyers in the fifteenth century to prevent the enforcement of entails. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taltarum%27s_Case
Commercial \Com*mer"cial\, a. [Cf. F. commercial.]
Of or pertaining to commerce; carrying on or occupied with commerce or trade; mercantile; as, commercial advantages; commercial relations. "Princely commercial houses." --Macaulay.
Overstanding : Commercial is one of the two sides or rights and deals with titles and certificated document etc all commerce related with noting to do we living beings
De- \De-\ A prefix from Latin de down, from, away; as in debark, decline, decease, deduct, decamp. In words from the French it is equivalent to Latin dis- apart, away; or sometimes to de. Cf. Dis-. It is negative and opposite in derange, deform, destroy, etc. It is intensive in deprave, despoil, declare, desolate, etc. [1913 Webster]
Overstanding : Or not. as in decriminalize ( not criminal) or deforest ( no forested) and de-ceased so not ceased! or decedent so not cedent! A dead person ceases breathing, they are not deceased as that would mean the did not cease breathing so deceased means not ceased and therefore decedent.
Decedent \De*ce"dent\, a. [L. decedens, p. pr. of decedere.] Removing; departing. --Ash. [1913 Webster]
One who does not transfer or assign. de =not cedent = transfer so not transferred.
Innerstanding : A decedent is not one who died. A decedent is one who has not transferred or ceded back some privledge or right so it has been deemed accepted . A decedent is defined as one who is in the process of dying . a dead person is called deceased ! they have not ceased the holding of the right or privledge of the corporation so not having returned to the true father and maker of life they are literally dying eternally.
Deed \Deed\, n. [AS. d[=ae]d; akin to OS. d[=a]d, D. & Dan. daad, G. that, Sw. d[*a]d, Goth. d[=e]ds; fr. the root of do. See Do, v. t.]
1. That which is done or effected by a responsible agent; an act; an action; a thing done; -- a word of extensive application, including, whatever is done, good or bad, great or small. [1913 Webster]
And Joseph said to them, What deed is this which ye have done? --Gen. xliv. 15. [1913 Webster]
We receive the due reward of our deeds. --Luke xxiii. 41. [1913 Webster]
3. Power of action; agency; efficiency. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]
To be, both will and deed, created free. --Milton. [1913 Webster]
DEED POLL, contracts.
A deed made by one party only is not indented, but polled or shaved quite even, and is, for this reason, called a deed poll, or single deed. Co. Litt. 299, a.
2. A deed poll is not, strictly speaking, an agreement between two persons; but a declaration of some one particular person, respecting an agreement made by him with some other person. For example, a feoffment from A to B by deed poll, is not an agreement between A and B, but rather a declaration by A addressed to all mankind, informing them that he thereby gives and enfeoffs B of certain land therein described.
3. It was formerly called charta de una parte, and, usually began with these words, Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego A, &c.; and now begins, "Know all men by these presents, that I, A B, have given, granted, and enfeoffed, and by these presents do give, grant and enfeoff," &c. Cruise, Real Prop. tit. 32, c. 1, s. 23.
Overstanding: The deed poll is the gift of the possession of the body from the registrar. The return of the deed poll return the possession so the trustee has both rights again so the trust must collaspe and return to the donor from which it came.
1. The holding of lands or tenements to which another person has a right; a general term including abatement, intrusion, disseisin, discontinuance, or any other species of wrong, by which he that hath a right to the freehold is kept out of possession.
2. In Scotland, a resisting of an officer in the execution of law.
Document \Doc"u*ment\, v. t.
1. To teach; to school. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]
I am finely documented by my own daughter. -- Dryden. [1913 Webster]
2. To furnish with documents or papers necessary to establish facts or give information; as, a a ship should be documented according to the directions of law. [1913 Webster]
Etymological root: A silver coin
Overstanding: A silver dollar coin is lawful money because it is made of a real substance , a mineral called silver so has real value. A dollar bill is a fiat or faith based legal money so only of value to those who believe in it..
Meaning : The place where a person has fixed his ordinary dwelling, without a present intention of removal. 10 Mass. 488; 8 Cranch, 278; Ersk. Pr. of Law of Scotl. B. 1, tit. 2, s. 9; Denisart, tit. Domicile, 1, 7, 18, 19; Voet, Pandect, lib. 5, tit. 1, 92, 97; 5 Madd. Ch. R. 379; Merl. Rep. tit. Domicile; 1 Binn. 349, n.; 4 Humph. 346.
The law of domicil is of great importance in those countries where the maxim "actor sequitur forum rei" is applied to the full extent. Code Civil, art. 102, &c.; 1 Toullier, 318.
2. A man cannot be without a domicil, for he is not supposed to have abandoned his last domicil until he has acquired a new one. 5 Ves. 587; 3 Robins. 191; 1 Binn. 349, n.; 10 Pick. 77.
Though by the Roman law a man might abandon his domicil, and, until be acquired a. new one, he was without a domicil. By fixing his residence at two different places a man may have two domicils at one and the same time; as, for example, if a foreigner, coming to this country, should establish two houses, one in New York and the, other in New Orleans, and pass one-half of the year in each; he would, for most purposes, have two domicils. But it is to be observed that circumstances which might be held sufficient to establish a commercial domicil in time of war, and a matrimonial, or forensic or political domicil in time of peace, might not be such as would establish a principal or testamentary domicil, for there is a wide difference in applying the law of domicil to contracts and to wills. Phill. on Dom. xx; 11 Pick. 410 10 Mass. 488; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 514.
3. There are three kinds of domicils, namely:
1. The domicil of origin. domicilium originis vel naturale.
2. The domicil by operation of law, or necessary domicil.
3. Domicil of choice.
4.-1. By domicil of origin is understood the home of a man's parents, not the place where, the parents being on a visit or journey, a child happens to be born. 2 B. & P. 231, note; 3 Ves. 198. Domicil of origin is to be distinguished from the accidental place of birth. 1 Binn. 349.
5.-2. There are two classes of persons who acquire domicil by operation of law.
&c. 2d. Those on whom the state affixes a domicile. Among this class are found, domicile of another.
Among these are,
1. The wife.
2. The minor.
3. The lunatic,
&c. 2d. Those on whom the state affixes a domicil. Among this class are found,
1. The officer.
2. The prisoner, &c.
6.-1st. Among those who, being under the control of another, acquire such person's domicil, are,
1. The wife. The wife takes the domicil of her husband, and the widow retains it, unless she voluntarily change it, or unless, she marry a second time, when she takes the domicil of the second husband. A party may have two domicils, the one actual, the other legal; the husband's actual and the wife's legal domicil, are, prima facie, one. Addams' Ecc. R. 5, 19.
2. The domicil of the minor is that of the father, or in Case of his death, of the mother. 5 Ves. 787; 2 W. & S. 568; 3 Ohio R. 101; 4 Greenl. R. 47.
3. The domicil of a lunatic is regulated by the same principles which operated in cases of minors the domicil of such a person may be changed by the direction, or with the assent of the guardian, express or implied. 5 Pick. 20. 7.-2d.
The law affixes a domicil.
1. Public officers, such as the president of the United States, the secretaries and such other officers whose public duties require a temporary residence at the capital, retain their domicils. Ambassadors preserve the domicils which they have in their respective countries, and this privilege extends to the ambassador's family. Officers, soldiers, and marines, in the service of the United States, do not lose their domicils while thus employed.
2. A prisoner does not acquire a domicil where the prison is, nor lose his old. 1 Milw. R. 191, 2.
8.-3. The domicil of origin, which has already been explained, remains until another has been acquired. In order to change such domicil; there must be an actual removal with an intention to reside in the place to which the party removes. 3 Wash. C. C. R. 546. A mere intention to remove, unless such intention is carried into effect, is not sufficient. 5 Greenl. R. 143. When he changes it, he acquires a domicil in the. place of his new residence, and loses his original domicil. But upon a return with an intention to reside, his original domicil is restored. 3 Rawle, 312; 1 Gallis. 274, 284; 5 Rob. Adm. R. 99.
9. How far a settlement in a foreign country will impress a hostile character on a merchant, see Chitty's Law of Nations, 31 to 50; 1 Kent, Com. 74 to 80; 13 L. R. 296; 8 Cranch, 363; 7 Cranch, 506; 2 Cranch, 64 9 Cranch, 191; 1 Wheat. 46; 2 Wheat 76; 3 Wheat. 1 4 2 Gall. R. 268; 2 Pet. Adm. Dec. 438 1 Gall. R. 274.
As to its effect in the administration of the assets of a deceased non-resident, see 3 Rawle's R. 312; 3 Pick. R. 128; 2 Kent, Com. 348; 10 Pick. R. 77.
The law of Louisiana relating to the "domicil and the manner of changing the same" will be found in the Civil Code of Louisiana, tit. 2, art. 42 to 49. See, also, 8 M. R. 709; 4 N. S. 51; 6 N. S. 467; 2 L. R. 35; 4 L. R. 69; 5 N. S. 385 5 L. R. 332; 8 L. R. 315; 13 L. R. 297 11 L. R. 178; 12 L. R. 190. See, on the subject generally, Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. 2 Bos. & Pul. 230, note 1 Mason's Rep. 411; Toullier, Droit Civil Francais, liv. 1, tit. 3, n., 362 a 378; Domat, tome 2, liv. 1, s. 3; Pothier, Introduction Generale aux Coutumes, n. 8 a 20; 1 Ashm. R. 126; Merl. Rep. tit. Domicile 3 Meriv. R. 79; 5 Ves. 786; 1 Crompt. & J. 151; 1 Tyrwh. R. 91; 2 Tyrwh. R. 475; 2 Crompt. & J. 436 3 Wheat. 14 3 Rawle, 312; 7 Cranch, 506 9 Cranch, 388; 5 Pick. 20; 1 Gallis, 274, 545; 10 Mass. 488 11 Mass. 424; 13 Mass. 501 2 Greenl. 411; 3 Greenl 229, 354; 4 Greenl. 47; 8 Greenl. 203; 5 Greenl. 143; 4 Mason, 308; 3 Wash. C. C. R. 546; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 514 4 Wend, 602; 8 Wend. 134; 5 Pick. 370 10 Pick. 77; 11 Pick. 410; 1 Binn. 349, n.; Phil. on Dom. passim.
Overstanding: Domicile is one of the most important topics to comprehend as where you place yourself (ie is a state of , kingdom of Heaven etc) determines the law form or choice of law that a court can use to hold you to,
The "traditional approach" looks to territorial factors, e.g. the domicile or nationality of the parties, where the components comprising each cause of action occurred, where any relevant assets, whether movable or immovable, are located, etc., and chooses the law or laws that have the greatest connection to the cause(s) of action. Even though this is a very flexible system, there has been some reluctance to apply it and various "escape devices" have developed, which allow courts to apply their local laws (the lex fori) even though the disputed events took place in a different jurisdiction.
1. One who gives or bestows; one who confers anything gratuitously; a benefactor. Inverse of recipient. [1913 Webster]
2. (Law) One who grants an estate; in later use, one who confers a power; -- the opposite of donee. --Kent. [1913 Webster]
Touching, the parties unto deeds and charters, we are to consider as well the donors and granters as the donees or grantees. --Spelman. [1913 Webster]
1. Sovereign or supreme authority; the power of governing and controlling; independent right of possession, use, and control; sovereignty; supremacy. [1913 Webster]
I praised and honored him that liveth forever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion.
--Dan. iv. 34. [1913 Webster]
This is a word with a technical meaning, which, when inserted in an indictment for forcible entry and detainer, has all the force of the words expelled or unlawfully, for the last is superfluous, and the first is implied in the word disseised. 8 T. R. 357; Cro. Jac. 32; vide 3 Yeates' R. 39; S. C. 4 Dall. Rep. 212
DISSEIZED, participle passive Put out of possession wrongfully or by force; deprived of actual possession.
Over standing : The word is used when a party is removed from their right . See deforcement also
Right of use:
(Law) A liberty, privilege, or advantage, which one
proprietor has in the estate of another proprietor,
distinct from the ownership of the soil, as a way, water
course, etc. It is a species of what the civil law calls
\E"dict\, n. [L. edictum, fr. edicere, edictum, to
declare, proclaim; e out + dicere to say: cf. F. ['e]dit. See
A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the
proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if by
the very act of announcement; a decree; as, the edicts of the
Roman emperors; the edicts of the French monarch.
A law ordained by the sovereign, by which he forbids or commands something it extends either to the whole country, or only to some particular provinces. 2. Edicts are somewhat similar to public proclamations. Their difference consists in this, that the former have authority and form of law in themselves, whereas the latter are at most, declarations of a law, before enacted by congress, or the legislature. 3. Among the Romans this word sometimes signified, a citation to appear before a judge. The edict of the emperors, also called constitutiones principum, were new laws which they made of their own motion, either to decide cases which they had foreseen, or to abolish or change some ancient laws. They were different from their rescripts or decrees. These edicts were the sources which contributed to the formation of the Gregorian, Hermogenian, Theodosian, and Justinian Codes. Vide Dig. 1, 4, 1, 1; Inst. 1, 2, 7; Code, 1, 1 Nov. 139.
Elect \E*lect"\, n.
1. One chosen or set apart. [1913 Webster]
Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth. --Is. xlii. 1. [1913 Webster]
2. pl. (Theol.) Those who are chosen for salvation. [1913 Webster]
Shall not God avenge his won elect? --Luke xviii. [1913 Webster]
Overstanding: The elect are those living beings who have made the election to follow their maker. The elect are always protected and try to please Yahawah. thanking him for the gift of his son ( him in the flesh) for living the trespass free life we as people with a sin nature ( sin just means trespasser of god law's) could not do. Which is why we need him as our savior as we cannot save ourselves , So we are elect and we elect other of our people to serve the general public with as as our local leaders so important to elect a Christian believer to uphold the elects beliefs as we are not fighters but lovers so Yahawah's law must protect us
on Elect rep : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VK5J3Tg0IZ8&list=LLIsP6Md6RlP0gyurlAUFlJA see Minute : 6-8
Emolument \E*mol"u*ment\, n. [L. emolumentum, lit., a working out, fr. emoliri to move out, work out; e out + moliri to set in motion, exert one's self, fr. moles a huge, heavy mass: cf. F. ['e]molument. See Mole a mound.]
The profit arising from office, employment, or labor; gain; compensation; advantage; perquisites, fees, or salary. [1913 Webster]
A long . . . enjoyment of the emoluments of office. --Bancroft. [1913 Webster]
A term used in equity. When the donor of a power, who is the owner of the estate, confers upon persons not seised of the fee, the right of creating interests to take effect out of it, which could not be done by the donee of the power, unless by such authority; this is called an enabling power. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1928.
Overstanding: We have unknowingly allowed or enabled outsiders to enter in to our estates ( called interests) and take money out for charges without us being told each time they do it because we gave them authority to charge the estate (yet we can't / or don't know how) we do this by donating a power of appointment to them through application and agreements and they could not of done so without our grant of the power . So stop agreeing and learn what your doing and what the estate is etc.
Meaning : An interest.
Over standing : A trust or interest in property
One who executes. Webster's Dictionary 1828
An executor in the wrong
Expunge \Ex*punge"\ ([e^]ks*p[u^]nj"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expunged ([e^]ks*p[u^]njd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Expunging ([e^]ks*p[u^]n"j[i^]ng).] [L. expungere, expunctum, prick out, expunge, settle an account, execute; ex out + pungere to prick, puncture. See Pungent.]
1. To blot out, as with pen; to rub out; to efface designedly; to obliterate; to strike out wholly; as, to expunge words, lines, or sentences. [1913 Webster]
2. To strike out; to wipe out or destroy; to annihilate; as, to expunge an offense. --Sandys.
(Eng.Law) An estate of inheritance supposed to be held either mediately or immediately from the sovereign, and absolutely vested in the owner. [1913 Webster]
Note: All the land in England, except the crown land, is of this kind. An absolute fee, or fee simple, is land which a man holds to himself and his heirs forever, who are called tenants in fee simple. In modern writers, by fee is usually meant fee simple. A limited fee may be a qualified or base fee, which ceases with the existence of certain conditions; or a conditional fee, or fee tail, which is limited to particular heirs. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]
Overstanding: A fee or fief being a use of land for a fee . As in feoffment or feoffee feoffor
Meaning : A fiction; An assumption or supposition of the law; The object of the fiction was to give the court jurisdiction Black's law Sixth
Overstanding: A fiction is not real but merely a shell .( like a shell corporation) . The living man has a ghost or spirit given by our maker in Heaven which habits the body or shell bringing it to life . A fiction /shell in the world is a document created by men which does not breath but is moved by an external force or enabler ( think surety) See the movie the ghost and the shell
In civil law. A trust. A devise was made to some person and a request annexed that he should give the property to some one who was incapable of taking under the will.
The fideicommissum was one of the most popular legal institutions in ancient Roman Law for several centuries. It is the conjunction of the Latin words fides (trust) and committere (to commit), and thus denotes that something is committed to one's trust.
Also known as a cesti que vie trust still used today as this 2006 article on second class cities
A gift a man makes to another through the right of third persons
The words which are properly and commonly used to install a fideicommissum are 'I beg', 'I ask', 'I wish', 'I entrust'; these [words] are therefore sufficient individually, but also if all combined.
Mercer v. Attorney General for Ontario, 1881 CanLII 6 (SCC)
1. The sovereign chosen by society holds the land in trust for the people, as a fidei commissum.
fidei commissum is also known as cestuique trust as the “beneficiary”.
Blacks law 9th edition :
2. (701-2)…It was admitted by the learned counsel who represented the provinces in the argument before us, that this was true with respect to all matters of legislation, but it was contented that when the Act (Const. 1867) deals with “property” the rule was inverted and that the provinces take “all property” not by the Act in precise terms given to the Dominion.
The sole foundation for this contention appears to me to be based upon an assumption which in my judgment is altogether ERRONEOUS, namely, that the BNA Act, transfers as it were the legal estate in the Crown property from the Crown and vests it in the Dominion and the provinces respectively as corporations capable of holding property, real and personal, to them, their successors and assigns for ever, BUT THE ACT CONTEMPLATES NO SUCH THING;
cf. 28 USC §§ 1601-1611 -foreign-state immunity
"foreign states not in COMMERCE are immune from the JURISDICTION of the COURTS of the UNITED STATES and of any STATE."
such immunity for yahawah extends to all states, States, & STATES -- [cf. art IV cl. 1 united states of america constitution] in accord with yahawah's sovereign power -matthew 28:18-20 cf. art IV cl. 1 united states of america constitution:
"Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State."
Individuals submitting a request under the Privacy Act of 1974 must be either " a citizen of the United States or a alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence," pursuant to 5 U.S.C. Section 552a ( a)(2). requests will be processed as Freedom of Information Act requests pursuant to 5 U.S.C. Section 552, rather than Privacy Act requests, for individuals who are not United States citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
Meaning : A pilot of a ship. Cyclopedic dictionary
Innerstanding : The control man of the entity, the One who guides its course.
The hand is the conveyancer. The hand of man is the surety , the seal or proof of the deed done which is the transferring of property by the conveyance of the hand ….. as in giving this hand in marriage
1. To procure (any chattel or estate) from another person, for temporary use, for a compensation or equivalent; to purchase the use or enjoyment of for a limited time; as, to hire a farm for a year; to hire money. [1913 Webster]
2. To engage or purchase the service, labor, or interest of (any one) for a specific purpose, by payment of wages; as, to hire a servant, an agent, or an advocate. [1913 Webster]
3. To grant the temporary use of, for compensation; to engage to give the service of, for a price; to let; to lease; -- now usually with out, and often reflexively; as, he has hired out his horse, or his time. [1913 Webster]
HIRE OR NOT FOR HIRE As a guest vs, a paying passenger
The owner, operator, or person responsible for the operation of a motor vehicle shall not be liable for loss or damage arising from injuries to or death of a guest while being transported without payment therefor in or upon said motor vehicle, resulting from the operation thereof, unless such injuries or death are caused by the willful or wanton misconduct of such operator, owner, or person responsible for the operation of the motor vehicle. Alabama Code Title 32. Motor Vehicles and Traffic § 32-1-2
Homograph \Hom"o*graph\, n. [Gr. "omo`grafos with the same letters; "omo`s the same + gra`fein to write.] (Philol.)
One of two or more words identical in orthography, but having different derivations and meanings; as, fair, n., a market, and fair, a., beautiful. [1913 Webster]
Government \Gov"ern*ment\, n. [F. gouvernement. See Govern.]
1. The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government. [1913 Webster]
2. The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state; the established form of law. [1913 Webster]
The record administers of the public record ( for the many) available for all to see.
R'egime \R['e]`gime"\ (r?`zh?m"), n. [F. See Regimen.] 1. Mode or system of rule or management; character of government, or of the prevailing social system. [1913 Webster] I dream . . . of the new r['e]gime which is to come. H. Kingsley. [1913 Webster]
Overstanding: The word government is just the name for a system . A massive database and system to administer the records of the public . Since we all need to interact with each other, and since we all are at different stages of learning and spiritual development, a record system is maintained to show the condition ( or state) of a person at any given time so they may be judged according to their beliefs as stated by them on the record at any given time. So what every you say you are or said you are in the past is on the record and the record is the proof of who you say you are, So it must be corrected if it does not reflect your current beliefs or has a mistake of fact , the record doesn't change ,unless you correct it. The final record condition will be used to judge your wishes at death , or when any charges are brought against it to determine justice.
Indenture \In*den"ture\ (?; 135), n. [OE. endenture, OF. endenture, LL. indentura a deed in duplicate, with indented edges. See the Note below. See Indent.] [1913 Webster]
1. The act of indenting, or state of being indented. [1913 Webster]
2. (Law) A mutual agreement in writing between two or more parties, whereof each party has usually a counterpart or duplicate, sometimes with the edges indented for purpose of identification; sometimes in the pl., a short form for indentures of apprenticeship, the contract by which a youth is bound apprentice to a master. [1913 Webster]
The law is the best expositor of the gospel; they are like a pair of indentures: they answer in every part. --C. Leslie. [1913 Webster]
Note: Indentures were originally duplicates, laid together and indented by a notched cut or line, or else written on the same piece of parchment and separated by a notched line so that the two papers or parchments corresponded to each other. But indenting has gradually become a mere form, and is often neglected, while the writings or counterparts retain the name of indentures. [1913 Webster]
3. Hence: A contract by which anyone is bound to service. [PJC]
Meaning : 1. Not distinguishable, especially: a. Impossible to differentiate or tell apart: indistinguishable twins; markings that make a moth indistinguishable from its background. b. Impossible to discern; imperceptible: a sound that was indistinguishable to the human ear.
2. Difficult to understand or make out; vague: indistinguishable speech.
Overstanding: The name your mother gave you first -middle plus your fathers house name has not been written properly to distinguish it from the presumed fictional name that was applied for by application for a birth certificate. A legal name given you do business with fictions as living man and fictional entity can not mix . When your legal name is created it is one long business name, so looks and sounds like your first middle and house name . However by sounding the same ( ileum solemn) and using all capital letters the name can be indistinguishable from each other causing one there to be presumed to be the business when you are out in the public but in a in private capacity
An authority possessed without it's being derived from another ; a right, ability, or faculty of doing a thing, without receiving that right , ability, or faculty from another [Cyclopedic Dictionay]
Inheritance \In*her"it*ance\, n. [Cf. OF. enheritance.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act or state of inheriting; as, the inheritance of an estate; the inheritance of mental or physical qualities. [1913 Webster]
2. That which is or may be inherited; that which is derived by an heir from an ancestor or other person; a heritage; a possession which passes by descent. [1913 Webster] When the man dies, let the inheritance Descend unto the daughter. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. A permanent or valuable possession or blessing, esp. one received by gift or without purchase; a benefaction. [1913 Webster]
Succession \Suc*ces"sion\, n. [L. successio: cf. F. succession. See Succeed.] 1. The act of succeeding, or following after; a following of things in order of time or place, or a series of things so following; sequence; as, a succession of good crops; a succession of disasters. [1913 Webster]
In proper person
To seek private gain under pretense of public service; to turn public matters to private advantage. [1913 Webster]
Joinder \Join"der\, n. [F. joindre. See Join, v. t.]
1. The act of joining; a putting together; conjunction.
Confirmed by mutual joinder of your hands. --Shak.
(a) A joining of parties as plaintiffs or defendants in a
(b) Acceptance of an issue tendered in law or fact.
(c) A joining of causes of action or defense in civil
suits or criminal prosecutions.
Overstanding: (b) Acceptance of an issue tendered in law or fact.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Judge \Judge\ (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.] [1913 Webster]
1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose. [1913 Webster]
The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]
2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic. [1913 Webster]
3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge in a record review. [1913 Webster]
1. An immovable and indestructible three-dimensional area consisting of a portion of the earth’s surface, the space above and below the surface, and everything growing on or permanently affixed to it.
2. An estate or interest in real property. [Cases: Estates in Property
1. C.J.S. Estates §§ 2–5, 8, 15–21, 116–128, 137, 243.]
“In its legal significance, ‘land’ is not restricted to the earth’s surface, but extends below and above the surface. Nor is it confined to solids, but may encompass within its bounds such things as gases and liquids. A definition of ‘land’ along the lines of ‘a mass of physical matter occupying space’ also is not sufficient, for an owner of land may remove part or all of that physical matter, as by digging up and carrying away the soil, but would nevertheless retain as part of his ‘land’ the space that remains. Ultimately, as a juristic concept, ‘land’ is simply an area of three-dimensional space, its position being identified by natural or imaginary points located by reference to the earth’s surface. ‘Land’ is not the fixed contents of that space, although, as we shall see, the owner of that space may well own those fixed contents. Land is immoveable, as distinct from chattels, which are moveable; it is also, in its legal significance, indestructible. The contents of the space may be physically severed, destroyed or consumed, but the space itself, and so the ‘land’, remains immutable.” Peter Butt, Land Law 9 (2d ed. 1988).
Land that is bought by a builder or speculator who erects houses or improvements on it and then leases it at an increased rent.
acquired federal land. (usu. pl.) Federal land that was never in the public domain. See federal land.
acquired land. Land acquired by the government from private hands or from another governmental entity; esp., property acquired by the federal government from private or state ownership. ? This term is frequently contrasted with public domain.
— Also termed acquired lands. See PUBLIC DOMAIN(1).
“ ‘Acquired lands’ are lands the United States acquired from private or state owners by gift, purchase, exchange, or condemnation. In most but not all cases, such lands actually have been ‘reacquired,’ because the United States previously had purchased or won them from foreign and Indian sovereigns. Distinguishing between lands because of ownership origins that go back over a century is a policy with little to recommend it, but some statutes and judicial opinions maintain the distinction.” George Cameron Coggins, Public Natural Resources Law § 1.02 (1990).
arable land (ar-[schwa]-b[schwa]l). Land fit for cultivation. — Formerly also termed araturia; aralia; aratia.
bounty land. A portion of public land given or donated as a reward, esp. for military service.
See MILITARY BOUNTY LAND. [Cases: Public Lands 46. C.J.S. Public Lands § 64.]
certificate land. Land in the western part of Pennsylvania set apart after the American Revolution to be bought with certificates that the soldiers received in lieu of pay. Cf. donation land.
Crown land. Demesne land of the Crown; esp., in England and Canada, land belonging to the sovereign personally, or to the government, as distinguished from land held under private ownership.
— Also termed demesne land of the Crown. See demesne land.
demesne land (di-maynor di-meen). Hist. Land reserved by a lord for personal use.
donation land. Land granted from the public domain to an individual as a gift, usu. as a reward for services or to encourage settlement in a remote area. ? The term was initially used in Pennsylvania to reward Revolutionary War soldiers. Cf. certificate land. [Cases: Public Lands 45. C.J.S. Public Lands §§ 67–70.]
earned land. Public land that is conveyed by a land patent to a private person who has performed a certain condition, usu. one spelled out in an earlier grant. See PATENT(2).
enclosed land. Land that is actually enclosed and surrounded with fences.
fabric land. Hist. Land given toward the maintenance, repair, or rebuilding of a cathedral or other church. ? This term derives from funds given ad fabricam ecclesiae reparandam (“to repair the fabric of the church”).
“Fabrick-Lands are lands given towards the maintenance, rebuilding, or repair of Cathedrals or other churches …. In antient time almost every one gave by his Will more or less to the Fabrick of the Cathedral or Parish-Church where he liv’d.” Thomas Blount, Nomo-Lexicon: A Law-Dictionary (1670).
fast land. (often pl.) Land that is above the high-water mark and that, when flooded by a government project, is subjected to a governmental taking. ? Owners of fast lands are entitled to just compensation for the taking. See TAKING(2). [Cases: Eminent Domain 2(10). C.J.S. Eminent Domain §§ 18, 90–96.]
federal land. (usu. pl.) Land owned by the United States government. ? Federal lands are classified as public lands (also termed “lands in the public domain”) or acquired federal lands, depending on how the land was obtained. See acquired federal land.
government land. See public land.
hide land. Hist. See HIDE.
indemnity land. See INDEMNITY LAND.
lammas land (lam-[schwa]s). Hist. Land over which persons other than the owner have the right of pasturage during winter, from lammas (reaping time) until sowing time.
lieu land (loo). Public land within indemnity limits granted in lieu of those lost within place limits. [Cases: Public Lands 53, 81. C.J.S. Public Lands §§ 81, 126.]
life land. Hist. Land leased for a term measured by the life of one or more persons.
— Also termed life-hold.
made land. Artificially formed land, usu. land that has been reclaimed by filling or created by dredging.
mineral land. Land that contains deposits of valuable minerals in quantities justifying the costs of extraction and using the land for mining, rather than agricultural or other purposes.
place land. See INDEMNITY LAND.
public land. Lands or land interests held by the government, without regard to how the government acquired ownership; unappropriated land belonging to the federal or state government.
— Also termed public lands; government land; public ground. [Cases: Public Lands
1. C.J.S. Public Lands § 3.]
“The terms ‘public lands’ and ‘federal lands’ may … include less than full fee interests, such as severed mineral estates. They usually do not, however, refer to submerged lands off the seacoasts (over which the United States asserts jurisdiction but not title), or lands held in trust for Indians.” George Cameron Coggins et al., Federal Public Land and Resources Law 3 (3d ed. 1993).
reserved land. See RESERVATION(3).
1. Land that includes part of the bed of a watercourse or lake.
2. Land that borders on a public watercourse or public lake whose bed is owned by the public.
school land. Public real estate set apart for sale or exploitation by a state to establish and fund public schools. [Cases: Public Lands 51. C.J.S. Public Lands §§ 76–79, 82–83.]
seated land. Land that is occupied, cultivated, improved, reclaimed, farmed, or used as a place of residence, with or without cultivation.
settled land. Any land — or any interest in it — that is the subject of any document that limited it to, or put it into trust for, a person by way of succession.
swamp and overflowed land. Land that, because of its boggy, marshy, fenlike character, is unfit for cultivation, requiring drainage or reclamation to render it available for beneficial use. ? Such lands were granted out of the U.S. public domain to the littoral states by acts of Congress in 1850 and thereafter.43 USCA §§ 981 et seq. [Cases: Public Lands 58. C.J.S. Public Lands §§ 102–103, 106–107.]
tideland. See TIDELAND.
withdrawn land. See RESERVATION(3).
In common law systems, land tenure is the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to "hold" the land. It determines who can use land, for how long and under what conditions. Tenure may be based both on official laws and policies, and on informal customs. In other words, land tenure system implies a system according to which land is held by an individual or the actual tiller of the land. It determines the owners rights and responsibilities in connection with their holding. The French verb "tenir" means "to hold" and "tenant" is the present participle of "tenir". The sovereign monarch, known as The Crown, held land in its own right. All private owners are either its tenants or sub-tenants. Tenure signifies the relationship between tenant and lord, not the relationship between tenant and land. Over history, many different forms of land ownership, i.e., ways of owning land, have been established.
In accordance with the law of the land; according to the law; permitted, sanctioned, or justified by law. “Lawful” properly implies a thing conformable to or enjoined by law; “Legal”, a thing in the form or after the manner of law or binding by law. A writ or warrant issuing from any court, under color of law, is a “legal” process however defective
Lawful money is gold and silver called substance
Legal Tender is redeemed for lawful money demand per law
We all have seen the phrase on the dollar " This Note is legal tender for all debts, Public and private" This counter deed makes for lawful money again.
Demand for law full money. Pursuant to title 12 section 411
Meaning : A share of the profits of a fishing or whaling voyage allotted to the officers and seamen in the nature of wages. Blacks law sixth
Innerstanding : The word Lay meaning profits , lets one here comprehend from this root meaning what a layer is and why the layers of commerce where built. The "er " suffix added to the word lay signifies a man's action as a layer (think brick layer) so the layers where formed to share in the profits of commerce.
This is the set up for system of the beast ! Built in layers to spread the LOVE OF MONEY among the people and why the many layers of commerce documents are required to make it hard to separate from the profit system and return to the share & love system of our maker Yahawah
Ledger \Ledg"er\(l[e^]j"[~e]r), n. [Akin to D. legger layer, daybook (fr. leggen to lay, liggen to lie), E. ledge, lie. See Lie to be prostrate.]
1. A book in which a summary of accounts is laid up or preserved; the final book of record in business transactions, in which all debits and credits from the journal, etc., are placed under appropriate heads. [Written also leger.] [1913 Webster]
2. (Arch.) (a) A large flat stone, esp. one laid over a tomb. --Oxf. Gloss.
Overstanding : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ARJMI9Ee4hI
"Where a person is not at the time a licensee of the particular agency, his license having expired and he not having asked its renewal, neither the agency nor any other officer has jurisdiction of said person. " O'Neil v. Department of Professions and vocation, 7 CA 2d 398 ; Eiseman v. Dougherty, 6 CA 783.
"...[T]he exemptions provided for in section 1 of the Motor Vehicle Transportation License Act of 1925 ( Stats. 1923, p. 833) in favor of those who solely transport their own property or employees, or both , and of those who transport no persons or property for hire or compensation, by motor vehicle, have been determined in the Bacon Service Corporation case to be lawful exemptions. -- In re Schmolke ( 1926) 199 Cal. 43, 46
" In view of this rule a statutory provision that the supervising officials "may" exempt such persons when the transportation is not on a commercial basis means that they "must" exempt them" -- Steve v. Johnson, 243 P. 1073; 50 C.J.S. section 94, page 581
Lien \Lien\ (l[=e]n or l[imac]"[e^]n; 277), n. [F. lien band, bond, tie, fr. L. ligamen, fr. ligare to bind. Cf. League a union, Leam a string, Leamer, Ligament.] (Law) A legal claim; a charge upon real or personal property for the satisfaction of some debt or duty; a right in one to control or hold and retain the property of another until some claim of the former is paid or satisfied. [1913 Webster]
MANDATORY NOTICE OF CLAIMANT'S RIGHT TO COURT WITHOUT "FEES"
As found in: New York ex rel. Bank of Commerce v. Commissioner of Taxes for City and County of New York, 2 Black 620 (1863)
Please take mandatory notice (Federal Rules of Evidence 201(d)) that Plaintiff has a lawful right to proceed without cost, based upon the following law:
The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a natural individual entitled to relief is entitled to free access to its judicial tribunals and public offices in every State in the Union (2 Black 620, see also Crandell v. Nevada, 6 Wall 35). Plaintiff should not be charged fees, or costs for the lawful and constitutional right to petition this court in this matter in which he is entitled to relief, as it appears that the filing fee rule was originally implemented for fictions and subjects of the State and should not be applied to the Plaintiff who is a natural individual and entitled to relief (Hale v. Henkel)( 201 U.S. 43)
The man king is the King that Father in heaven allowed to rule over men as described in 1st Samuel Chapter 8 that the people of that day wanted instead of the invisible spirit of Yahawah as there King. They wanted to be like all the rest of the pagan nations who worshiped Idols and strong men and beautiful women or any other thing they could see with their natural eyes. Like today the people had little faith in the spiritual world as did not understand the concept of eternity and that with the maker of all things he seems slow to act in earth years, but when the time comes it is a great move and life changes overnight .
So the people of that day chose to be ruled by a mighty man that would be like Yahawah and carry out his plan for man. However as so always happens with man the power goes to their head and they manifest the sin nature of man and turn from Yahawashi's ways of love and peace and follow after their own desires to conquer and satisfy the greed and power.
Yahawah warned what would happen if they left his grace , that they would become slaves and toil and have to register all there belongings but they chose the man king anyway so Yahawah gave them their wish.
Today we are still under that Man king system (queen of england ) and Yahawah has been waiting for us to return to him but again few listen.
These are the two systems and the duality we see in society with a conclusion that one side will overcome the other , but the overcomer was decided when Yahawashi (jesus in the greek) gave his life for the forgiveness of the trespass of choosing another God than our maker . So we have been in a state of grace ever since as Yahawah does not want any to perish. But the end of the age must come as we have eternity to experience and only Yahawah can make it . Trust him
4. (Naut.) An officer in a merchant vessel ranking next below the captain. If there are more than one bearing the title, they are called, respectively, first mate, second mate, third mate, etc. In the navy, a subordinate officer or assistant; as, master's mate; surgeon's mate. [1913 Webster]
4. To join together; to fit together; to connect; to link; as, he mated a saw blade to a broom handle to cut inaccessible branches. [PJC]
\Max"im\, n. [F. maxime, L. maxima (sc. sententia), the greatest sentence, proposition, or axiom, i. e., of the greatest weight or authority, fem. fr. maximus greatest, superl. of magnus great. See Magnitude, and cf. Maximum.] [1913 Webster]
1. An established principle or proposition; a condensed proposition of important practical truth; an axiom of practical wisdom; an adage; a proverb; an aphorism. [1913 Webster]
A mistake where one party has misunderstood an agreement. If the non-mistaken party knows that the other party has made a unilateral mistake, the result is usually contract rescission (cancellation). On the other hand, if the other party was not aware of the mistake, the contract can usually be reformed (rewritten
Kobe in his trial was reportedly told by his lawyer-- Simply say 5 words " A mistake has been made " then sit down and be quiet.
The NAME is nothing more that the record being administered
Over standing : The master key to the entire system’s/CROWN CORPORATION’S game. The NAME is the lynch pin to the entire legal/control construct. Without a LEGAL NAME, which is your consent by agreeing to be said NAME, the system vampires cannot literally feed on your life blood/creation source energy that is typically shown in the physical materials we collect. It is only the CONSENT to be/use/have a LEGAL NAME/Mark of the Beast that is required for your absolute spiritual contract/deal with the devil motif to be in FULL FORCE AND EFFECT with you as a SLAVE and them as MASTER. For PROOF of this, look and see how much of your life/existence involves a LEGAL NAME and you will see the measure of control the system has over you.”
Maker's law . The Allmighty's laws for his creation
NOTARY or NOTARY PUBLIC. An officer appointed by the executive, or other appointing power, under the laws of different states. 2. Their duties are generally prescribed by such laws. The most usual of which are,
l. To attest deeds, agreements and other instruments, in order to give them authenticity.
2. To protest notes, bills of exchange, and the like. 3. To certify copies of agreements and other instruments.
3. By act of congress, Sept. 16, 1850, Minot's Statutes at Large. U. S. 458, it is enacted, That, in all cases in which, under the laws of the United States, oaths, or affirmations, or acknowledgments may now be taken or made before any justice or justices of the peace of any state or territory, such oaths, affirmations, or acknowledgments may be hereafter also taken or made by or before any notary public duly appointed in any state or territory, and, when certified under, the hand and official seal of such notary, shall have the name force and effect as if taken or made by or before such justice or justices of the peace. And all laws and parts of laws for punishing perjury, or subornation of perjury, committed in any such oaths or affirmations, when taken or made before any such justice of the peace, shall apply to any such offence committed in any oaths or affirmations which may be taken under this act before a notary public, or commissioner, as hereinafter named: Provided always, That on any trial for either of these offences, the seal and signature of the notary shall not be deemed sufficient in themselves to establish the official character of such notary, but the same shall be shown by other and proper evidence.
4. Notaries, are of very ancient origin they were well known among the Romans, and exist in every state of Europe, and particularly on the continent.
5. Their acts have long been respected by the custom of merchants and by the courts of all nations. 6 Toull. n. 211, note. Vide, generally, Chit. Bills, Index, h.t.; Chit. Pr. Index,, h.t.; Burn's Eccl. Law, h.t.; Bro. Off. of a Not. passim; 2 Har. & John. 396; 7 Vern. 22; 8 Wheat. 326; 6 S. & R. 484; 1 Mis. R. 434.
Overstanding: How to Notarize
1179. Public Notary or Notary Public? http://annavonreitz.com/notary.pdf
The people now serving as Notaries are all commissioned by "State of State" franchises and so, they normally function as Notary Publics in the international jurisdiction of the sea.
The jurisdiction invoked is indicated by the "Notary Block" the separate portion of the document reserved for them. If it is Territorial United States jurisdiction being invoked, the Notary Block will show that the paperwork is taking place --- for example, in the "State of Vermont" and "County of Claybourne".
If it is Municipal United States jurisdiction, the Notary Block will show: "STATE OF VERMONT" and "COUNTY OF CLAYBOURNE".
But if you want to invoke the land jurisdiction owed to your country, the Notary Block will show: "Vermont State" and "Claybourne County". And, ideally, the Notary will be identified as a "Public Notary".
1. To observe; to see; to mark; to take note of; to heed; to pay attention to. [1913 Webster]
2. To show that one has observed; to take public note of; remark upon; to make comments on; to refer to; as, to notice a book. [1913 Webster]
Over standing: This notice is from one absolutely entitled to possession and receipt of the rents and the profits of the settled estate ( land and Stock) for an estate greater than a life estate and hereditaments held in trust in accordance with the Trust and Settlements Variation Act Sec 59 and the Property Law act section 10 Act 1925
Nation means the living beings.
(a)Oath. An oath is an outward pledge given by the person taking it that his attestation or promise is made under an immediate sense of his responsibility to God. In a broad sense the word “oath” includes all forms of attestation by which a person signifies that he is bound in conscience to perform an act faithfully and truly, and in this sense it includes “affirmation”.
(b)Affirmation. An affirmation is a solemn and formal declaration or asseveration in the nature of an oath that a statement, or series of statements, is true. When an oath is required or authorized by law, an affirmation in lieu thereof may be taken by any person having conscientious scruples against taking an oath. As a general rule, an affirmation has the same legal force and effect as an oath.
OF'FICE, noun [Latin officium; ob and facio, to make or do.]
1. A particular duty, charge or trust conferred by public authority and for a public purpose; an employment undertaken by commission or authority from government or those who administer it. Thus we speak of the office of secretary of state, of treasurer, of a judge, of a sheriff, of a justice of the peace, etc. Offices are civil, judicial, ministerial, executive, legislative, political, municipal, diplomatic, military, ecclesiastical, etc.
2. A duty, charge or trust of a sacred nature, conferred by God himself; as the office of priest, in the Old Testament; and that of the apostles, in the New Testament.
Insomuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify my office Romans 11:13. Webster's 1828
In English law
When an inquisition is made to the kings use of anything , by virtue of office of him who inquires and the inquisition is found . It is said to be office found,
In American law
An action by the State or National government , or its proper officer , for the enforcement of escheat
An original is always two sided with a front and a back side.
Pauper \Pau"per\, n. [L. See Poor.] A very poor person; one without any means of support, especially one dependent on private or public charity. Also used adjectively; as, pauper immigrants, pauper labor. [1913 Webster]
Person \Per"son\ (p[~e]r"s'n; 277), n. [OE. persone, persoun, person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne, L. persona a mask (used by actors), a personage, part, a person, fr. personare to sound through; per + sonare to sound. See Per-, and cf. Parson.]
1. A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or manifestation of individual character, whether in real life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an assumed character. [Archaic] [1913 Webster]
Artificial person, or Fictitious person (Law), a corporation or body politic; -- this term is used in contrast with natural person, a real human being. See also legal person. --Blackstone. Legal person (Law), an individual or group that is allowed by law to take legal action, as plaintiff or defendent. It may include natural persons as well as fictitious persons (such as corporations).
Overstanding:"The legal terms human being and natural person are not found in the Bible. They are not created by God. They are legal titles for entities created by a "law" which is not the Law of God, the Lex Ecclesia.
"And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. --Genesis 2:7.
It was the breath of God Himself that gave Man - Hebrew, Adam- Divine inspiration, a soul, and spirit life. Why are the words inspiration, soul, spirit and life not within the current legal definitions of MAN? Because the legalistic "law" now prevailing in America does not recognize the Law of God and does not recognize that Man is Divine life. If the corporate and governmental persons were to recognize the superior and allodial authority of the Lord God,they would have to admit that the Law of God was superior to their "laws" - mere legalisms. How could they collect their feudal tenant servitude from the Christians who occupy God's land since the earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof?
Legally, MAN is a superior creature and nothing more. Their legal definitions say so. Lawfully, Man is a spiritual creation in and of God's image, separate and distinct from the other animals. Man was created by and has inherent life from the Lord's breath - Hebrew, neshâwmâh-, but a MAN is created by the civil laws of an entity and owes its existence to a mere legal person who creates more legal persons. Whereby, the Man of God's image has life, but a MAN has no life outside of the legal realm that created it. How do you choose to call yourself now that you know the truth?"
Meaning : Personage
1. Corpse (a dead body / Grave Markers are capitalized—involuntary condition, servitude to Death) aka “Natural Person”.
2. Convicted Criminal (involuntary servitude under force, peonage)
3. Prisoner of War (POW) (political involuntary servitude under force)
4. Slave (involuntary servitude under force) includes Wards of States, Paupers, Mental Incompetents and Minors not of age; please note that in the Territorial United States, Convicted Criminals are Slaves.
5. Armed Forces (Military / LEO Police)
6. Public Servant (Government Employees other than Military or Police.)
7. Corporation (a fictional Person in colorable law---Legal Persons as opposed to Lawful Persons, doing-business-as “John’s Autobody and Repair”, for example, ----could also be a Lawful Person standing under the Common Law mistaken for a Legal Person; this is how they got the Great Fraud started, by “mistaking” one for the other.)
8. Colorable Person (A person in legal fiction / colorable law, for example, “Aunt Jemima” or “Colonel Saunders” or “The Scarlet Pimpernel”, a “character” like “Atticus Finch” or nom de guerre like “Ishmael” or “Sneaky Pete” or a titled entity such as “Mister” or “Lord” or “Missus” or “President” or a Sign/Trademark like “JOHN DOE” or a Patented Invention Person like “Gumby” or “Bumblebee” or “The Terminator” or a Design Patent Person like “Diana von Furstenburg” or “Gloria Vanderbilt” or “Coco Chanel”.)
9. Commercial Licensee (Voluntary Surrendering Sovereignty for License)
10. Corporate Employee or Dependent (Voluntary Surrendering Sovereignty for Corporate Paycheck) for example, Marketing Manager, Public Relations Specialist, Editorial Consultant, Welfare Benefits Recipient, etc.
11. Incorporated Persons --- Franchises, Franchisees, Voters, Members and Officials of Religious and Frat Organizations and Political Parties, etc.
Paraphrased Innerstanding : When living men and women are “masked” as “Persons”, they are acting in “unnatural capacities” --- except when they are acting as Lawful People engaged in trade.
If you look at the list above you will see that several of these capacities as “Persons” are involuntary and therefore, “Legal” because the “Subject” is not able to choose otherwise: Corpses/Natural Persons (dead bodies), Convicted Criminals, Prisoners of War, and the various kinds of Slaves are not responsible for their actions.
Now that you see how the system has colluded to reduce all of us to the status of incompetent “Legal Persons” for their it's enrichment and to exercise oppressive power over us, let’s examine a few examples:
Our young men subjected to the Draft during Vietnam are all innocent of any crimes they may have committed because their actions were “involuntary” by definition—but the members of the Draft Boards conscripting them were voluntary, so the Draft Boards are fully liable.
So are the corporations and the corporate officials behind the Draft Boards—fully liable for press-ganging, kidnapping, enslavement, murder, and a host of other loathsome crimes.
All the military and police involved in the siege of the Branch Davidian Compound in Waco, Texas, are innocent because they were all “legally incompetent persons” and their actions were involuntary as a result; however, Janet Reno was fully liable every step of the way. So was the President. So was the Congress. When held to their public action in their private capacities
That is, the crimes of personage didn’t stop with the crimes occurring in the international jurisdiction of the sea; the Municipality of Washington, DC, and its government joined right in and nobody in the Catholic Hierarchy did jack-diddly to stop it until Benedict XVI.
Personage is the Name of the Game. This is crime. And all the lawyers reading this know it, too.
The only thing that will change this is millions of people waking up and taking action to save themselves and their countries by informing their friends to wake up! a wholesale and mammoth push by the military and law enforcement would help, some politicians with spines would help, but at the end of the day, it comes down to you and me,
It’s either learn to get out, or the stockyards and ear tags. Your choice.
Police means polic-y as corp policy enforcers they enforce registered property for the corporations
Presumption \Pre*sump"tion\ (?; 215), n. [L. praesumptio: cf. F. pr['e]somption, OF. also presumpcion. See Presume.]
1. The act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; the act of assuming or taking for granted; belief upon incomplete proof. [1913 Webster]
2. Ground for presuming; evidence probable, but not conclusive; strong probability; reasonable supposition; as, the presumption is that an event has taken place. [1913 Webster]
3. That which is presumed or assumed; that which is supposed or believed to be real or true, on evidence that is probable but not conclusive. "In contradiction to these very plausible presumptions." --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]
4. The act of venturing beyond due beyond due bounds; an overstepping of the bounds of reverence, respect, or courtesy; forward, overconfident, or arrogant opinion or conduct; presumptuousness; arrogance; effrontery. [1913 Webster]
A “Legal Fiction” is also referred to as a “presumption”.
“A presumption is a deduction which the law expressly directs to be made from particular facts.” ( Code Civ. Proc., sec. 1959 California Evidence Code Section 600
And “a presumption (unless declared by law to be conclusive) may be controverted by other evidence, direct or indirect: but unless controverted, the jury is bound to find according to the presumption.” ( Code Civ. Poc., sec. 1961 [ Note: now Evid. Cd, § 602 et seq. ] ) (bracketed information added) In re Bauer (1889), 79 Cal. 304, 307.
CA Ev Code § 602 (2017)
A statute providing that a fact or group of facts is prima facie evidence of another fact establishes a rebuttable presumption
Overstanding : Fraud when noticed and not corrected immediately after notice.
Principal \Prin"ci*pal\, n.
1. A leader, chief, or head; one who takes the lead; one who acts independently, or who has controlling authority or influence; as, the principal of a faction, a school, a firm, etc.; -- distinguished from a subordinate, abettor, auxiliary, or assistant. [1913 Webster]
2. Hence: (Law)
(a) The chief actor in a crime, or an abettor who is present at it, -- as distinguished from an accessory.
(b) A chief obligor, promisor, or debtor, -- as distinguished from a surety.
(c) One who employs another to act for him, -- as distinguished from an agent. --Wharton. --Bouvier. --Burrill. [1913 Webster]
Privateer \Pri`va*teer"\ (pr[imac]`v[.a]*t[=e]r"), n. [From Private.]
2. The commander of a privateer. [1913 Webster]
3 : an armed private ship licensed to attack enemy shipping also : a sailor on such a ship [Websters]
Kidd soon threw off the character of a privateer and became a pirate. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]
Private records have no definition . Private information is that information that is not free to view by the general public. So bible records, private accounts in private companies and records under the law of the records of a public corporation that is not allowed to be made public like passwords and account numbers related to public records. Private records are simply any records not made available to the public for public viewing. Hence why we say be made available
Probate \Pro"bate\, v. t.
To obtain the official approval of, as of an instrument
purporting to be the last will and testament; as, the
executor has probated the will.
(a) Official proof; especially, the proof before a competent officer or tribunal that an instrument
offered, purporting to be the last will and testament of a person deceased, is indeed his lawful act; the
copy of a will proved, under the seal of the Court of Probate, delivered to the executors with a certificate of its having been proved. --Bouvier. --Burrill.
(b) The right or jurisdiction of proving wills.
Overstanding : Official approval from whom? So probate is just about proving the will and intent of the cedent!!! with an accepted seal that the deed was done.
Promiser \Prom"is*er\, n. One who promises. [1913 Webster]
Promisor \Prom"is*or\, n. (Law) One who engages or undertakes; a promiser. --Burrill. [1913 Webster]
Innerstanding : An agent is a "or" word like promis-or. Why the promiser ( a real living being) is called a promisor (agent) or a sub level or in a trust as an agent. or promisor. The first level promiser is the granter to the second level promise who if he passes it on is the promisor or grantor!
PROPRIA PERSONA. In his proper person. It is a rule in pleading that pleas to the jurisdiction of the court must be pleaded in propria persona, because, if pleaded by attorney, they admit the jurisdiction, as an attorney is an officer of the court, and he is presumed to plead after having obtained leave, which admits the jurisdiction. Lawes on Pl. 91.
2. An appearance may be in propria persona, and need not be by attorney.
Proprietor \Pro*pri"e*tor\, n. [For older proprietary: cf. F. propri['e]tarie.]
One who has the legal right or exclusive title to anything, whether in possession or not; an owner; as, the proprietor of farm or of a mill. [1913 Webster]
1. (law) someone who owns (is legal possessor of) a business;
Inner standing : Proprietor is a holder of rights so a sole proprietor is a single holder of rights to a title to owner of a fee.
Public \Pub"lic\, a. [L. publicus, poblicus, fr. populus people: cf. F. public. See People.]
1. Of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; -- opposed to private; as, the public treasury. [1913 Webster]
To the public good Private respects must yield. --Milton. [1913 Webster]
2. Open to the knowledge or view of all; general; common; notorious; as, public report; public scandal. [1913 Webster]
A: a record required by law to be made and kept: a : a record made by a public officer or a government agency in the course of the performance of a duty
B : a record filed in a public office
Note: Public records are subject to inspection, examination, and copying by any member of the public.
Having a big sale, on-site celebrity, or other event? Be sure to announce it so everybody knows and gets excited about it.
Real \Re"al\ (r[=e]"al), a. [LL. realis, fr. L. res, rei, a thing: cf. F. r['e]el. Cf. Rebus.] 1. Actually being or existing; not fictitious or imaginary; as, a description of real life. [1913 Webster]
RECOGNIZANCE, contracts. An obligation of record entered into before a court or officer duly authorized for that purpose, with a condition to do some act required by law, which is therein specified. 2 Bl. Com. 341; Bro. Ab. h.t.; Dick. Just. h.t.; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 90. 2. Recognizances relate either to criminal or civil matters. 1. Recognizances in criminal cases, are either that the party shall appear before the proper court to answer to such charges as are or shall be made against him, that he shall keep the peace or be of good behaviour. Witnesses are also required to be bound in a recognizance to testify. 3.-2. In civil cases, recognizances are entered into by bail, conditioned that they will pay the debt, interest and costs recovered by the plaintiff under certain contingencies. There are also cases where recognizances are entered into under the authority and requirements of statutes. 4. As to the form. The party need not sign it; the court, judge or magistrate having authority to take the same, makes a short memorandum on the record, which is sufficient. 2 Binn. R. 481; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 90; 2 Wash. C. C. R. 422; 9 Mass. 520; 1 Dana, 523; 1 Tyler, 291; 4 Vern. 488; 1 Stew. & Port. 465; 7 Vern. 529; 2 A. R. Marsh. 131; 5 S. & R. 147; Vide generally, Com. Dig. Forcible Entry, D 27; Id. Obligation, K; Whart. Dig. h.t. Vin. Ab. h.t.; Rolle's Ab. h.t.; 2 Wash. C. C. Rep. 422; Id. 29; 2 Yeates, R. 437; 1 Binn. R. 98, note 1 Serg. & Rawle, 328 3 Yeates, R. 93; Burn. Just. h.t. Vin. Ab. h.t.; 2 Sell. Pract. 45.
Overstanding: The recognizance is the return of the deed poll to the issuer , once the trustee has both legal and possession the trust collapses and must return to the donor. This is why Jesus said sell all you have and follow me !
Meaning : noun Cord : To bind with a cord or rope; to fasten with cords. Websters online 1828
Ac-cord: To make to agree, or correspond; to adjust one thing to another.
Re-cord: verb transitive [Latin recorder, to call to mind, to remember, from re and cor, cordis, the heart or mind.]
1. To register; to enroll; to write or enter in a book or on parchment, for the purpose of preserving authentic or correct evidence of a thing; as, to record the proceedings of a court; to record a deed or lease; to record historical events.
2. RE-CORD, evidence. A written memorial made by a public officer authorized by law to perform that function, and intended to serve as evidence of something written, said, or done. 6 Call, 78; 1 Dana, 595.
Innerstanding : So the cord is the binding, accord is the making or agreement to the binding and; the record is the remembrance of the binding
Record \Rec"ord\ (r[e^]k"[~e]rd), n. [OF. recort, record, remembrance, attestation, record. See Record, v. t.]
1. A writing by which some act or event, or a number of acts or events, is recorded; a register; as, a record of the acts of the Hebrew kings; a record of the variations of temperature during a certain time; a family record. [1913 Webster]
(a) An official contemporaneous writing by which the acts of some public body, or public officer, are recorded; as, a record of city ordinances; the records of the receiver of taxes.
(b) An authentic official copy of a document which has been entered in a book, or deposited in the keeping of some officer designated by law.
(c) An official contemporaneous memorandum stating the proceedings of a court of justice; a judicial record.
(d) The various legal papers used in a case, together with memoranda of the proceedings of the court; as, it is not permissible to allege facts not in the record. [1913 Webster]
3. Testimony; witness; attestation. [1913 Webster]
John bare record, saying. --John i. 32. [1913 Webster]
4. That which serves to perpetuate a knowledge of acts or events; a monument; a memorial. [1913 Webster]
5. That which has been, or might be, recorded; the known facts in the course, progress, or duration of anything, as in the life of a public man; as, a politician with a good or a bad record. [1913 Webster]
What is RECORD DATE?
1. Securities: Date on which a stock holder must own the stock to be entitled to receive a payment.
2. Records: Official date of a record when it was prepared, authorized, signed, or issued. https://thelawdictionary.org/record-date/
Overstanding: It is important to note a record date is not necessarily the day the event happened but the day it was prepared . This shows itself on the birth certificate as the day registered is the birth date and the day you were born was the born date.
The day we were born is the day we were re-corded . we were cut from our mothers unbiblical cord and separated from that living being to be on our own . or re tied to a new berth
The way the republic sees it we were birthed like a ship is christened and set out to sea, so left the mooring on our maiden voyage and were berthed at a new dock (delivered by a doctor) and retied to a new berth ( port of entry) and all our cargo ( our body) delivered to a port to be registered ( birth registration)and given a birth certificate ( legal ship name) to use in commerce to reclaim our cargo when we returned to leave to travel to another port ( domicile
Release \Re*lease"\, n.
1. The act of letting loose or freeing, or the state of being let loose or freed; liberation or discharge from restraint of any kind, as from confinement or bondage. "Who boast'st release from hell." --Milton. [1913 Webster]
2. Relief from care, pain, or any burden. [1913 Webster]
3. Discharge from obligation or responsibility, as from debt, penalty, or claim of any kind; acquittance. [1913 Webster]
4. (Law) A giving up or relinquishment of some right or claim; a conveyance of a man's right in lands or tenements to another who has some estate in possession; a quitclaim. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]
3. (Law) An estate in expectancy, generally in land, which becomes an estate in possession upon the determination of a particular prior estate, created at the same time, and by the same instrument; for example, if land be conveyed to A for life, and on his death to B, A's life interest is a particular estate, and B's interest is a remainder, or estate in remainder. [1913 Webster]
1. Anything that remains, or is left, after the separation and removal of a part; residue; remnant. "The last remainders of unhappy Troy." --Dryden. [1913 Webster]
3. (Law) An estate in expectancy, generally in land, which becomes an estate in possession upon the determination of a particular prior estate, created at the same time, and by the same instrument; for example, if land be conveyed to A for life, and on his death to B, A's life interest is a particular estate, and B's interest is a remainder, or estate in remainder. [1913 Webster]
Syn: Balance; rest; residue; remnant; leavings. [1913 Webster]
Meaning: The most common translation of "repent" is "turn" or "return". Two requisites of repentance included in sub are "to turn from evil, and to turn to the good." In the New Testament, the key term for repentance is metanoia - It has two usual senses: a "change of mind" and "regret/remorse." In both books of Mark and Matthew Jesus began his public proclamation with the call "Repent."
Innerstanding: Change of mind (return/seek the word ) regret/remorse ( turn / from regrets) If we regret something we did, to show remorse we change, when we change we need guidance, so we return to the guidance of the word! REPENT means to return to the word of Yahawah. as related in the Bible.
1. Common weal. [Obs.] --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]
2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. Democracy, [1913 Webster]
The word "republic" comes from the Latin res publica — which means simply "the public thing(s)," or more simply "the law(s).
Overstanding: The people are the public . So why do we need people again ( re means again ) A re-public is exercised by representatives (re -present ives) So a government run by a group of people supposedly re-presenting you! Example: Orange county is the people the public , they are represented by the County of Orange as the re-public . The republic speaks for the public so if the wrong representative is in there we are in trouble.
The only law is the law if the maker , people don't make law they create statutes ( statues if you will) So a republic is supposed to be exercised of laws which if they were maker yahawah law, that was the plan, and was a good thing , but when they become corrupted the law become not yahawah's but man's law and since they are law they force the bad ideas upon us . So law comes with a strict watchful eye over the laws being passed . Or the natural occurrence is a mob to form to over turn the republic of law to the wishes of the mob which depending on the indoctrination could be even worse belief system. The only true government to have is yahawah's lawful government set up from times memorial and proven as fair and just to all
Reversion \Re*ver"sion\ (r[-e]*v[~e]r"sh[u^]n), n. [F. r['e]version, L. reversio a turning back. See Revert.]
1. The act of returning, or coming back; return. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]
3. (Law) The returning of an estate to the grantor or his heirs, by operation of law, after the grant has terminated; hence, the residue of an estate left in the proprietor or owner thereof, to take effect in possession, by operation of law, after the termination of a limited or less estate carved out of it and conveyed by him. --Kent. [1913 Webster]
4. Hence, a right to future possession or enjoyment; succession. [1913 Webster]
Reversion occurs when a granted estate is absolutely vested back in the donor due to a future interest. Like upon the death of the devisee of a life estate , the life estate will terminate and ownership of the real-property will fully vest in the holder of the reversion normally the donor.
A Reversion can normally happens when a finite estate ends, and there are no other grantees due a future interest in the property. If the donor does not convey a fee simple title, but rather a finite estate, which will end at a particular time, then, if no other future interests had been conveyed, the property will revert back to be vested in the donor.
Entails had been established by the Statute of Westminster 1285. The statute included a clause known by the title De donis conditionalibus ("concerning conditional gifts"), which enacted that in grants of land to a man and the heirs of his body, the will of the donor as expressed in the grant should be strictly followed. Prior to this time, judges had held that if an estate was granted to a man and the heirs of his body, and heirs were subsequently born, he had title to the land in fee simple and could do as he wished with it, including selling it, even if this was contrary to the original donor's intent. The effect of De donis, however, meant that if an estate was granted to a man and the heirs of his body, he could not dispose of it any other way; it had to pass to his heirs. Furthermore, if the heirs died out, the donor could claim the land back: this right was known as the "reversion". Such an estate was said to be in "fee tail", derived from the French tailler, to cut, as the inheritance was cut down and confined to the heirs of the body.
The reversion arises by operation of law, and not by deed or will, and it is a vested interest or estate, inasmuch as the person entitled to it has a fixed right of future enjoyment. It is an incorporeal hereditament, and may be conveyed either in whole or in part, by grant, without livery of seizin.7 Reversions expectant on the determination of estates for years, are immediate assets in the hands of the heir;8 but the reversion expectant on the determination of an estate for life, is not immediate assets during the continuance of the life estate, and the creditor takes judgment for assets in futuro.9 If the reversion be expectant on an estate tail, it is not assets during the continuance of the estate tail, and the reason assigned is, that the reversion is of little or no value, since it is in the power of the tenant in tail to destroy it when he pleases.10 But in Kinarton v. Clarke,11 Lord Hardwicke considered it inaccurate to say that such a reversion was not assets, for there was a possibility of its becoming an estate in possession, and the creditor might take judgment against the heir, on that possibility, for assets, quando acciderint, and which would, operate whenever the heir obtained seizin of the reversion. In the mean time, as it was admitted, the reversion could not be sold, nor the heir compelled to sell it; and when it comes to the possession of the heir, he takes it cum onere, subject to all leases and covenants made by the tenant in tail while he had the estate.12
See: Right of reverter
Over standing: The maker promises the birthright ,we accept as the donee of the promise. If we give away that birthright as the donor (or don (father) or (agent) ) we give/grant it to a grantee , If he grants it away as grantor the receiver of the grant is the user. The user must account for any waste he takes from the land in payment from his own estate he has yet to claim due to ignorance of the system. This is how all things are made fair to the one who claims his promised land . he gets it back in it;s original condition or paid for the waste of it by another
Meaning : noun One who sets right; one who does justice or redresses wrong. Webster's online 1828
Overstanding : A righter ( er suffix means a man doing the action) is a man who sets or establishes the truth of the matter as he is a living man can rightly divide the word of truth by his spirit or mind with the feelings in his heart. .
(Law) That part of a testator's estate which is not disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.
The United States Court of Federal Claims shall have jurisdiction to determine the amount, if any, due to or from the United States by reason of any unsettled account of any officer or agent of, or contractor with, the United States, or a guarantor, surety or personal representative of any such officer, agent or contractor, and to render judgment thereof, where—
(1) claimant or the person he represents has applied to the proper department of the Government for settlement of the account;
(2) three years have elapsed from the date of such application without settlement; and
(3) no suit upon the same has been brought by the United States.(Law) That part of a testeator's estate which is not disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.
-ship \-ship\ [OE. -schipe, AS. -scipe; akin to OFries. -skipe,
OLG. -skepi, D. -schap, OHG. -scaf, G. -schaft. Cf. Shape,
n., and Landscape.]
A suffix denoting state, office, dignity, profession, or art;
as in lordship, friendship, chancellorship, stewardship,
[1913 Webster]US Supreme court in Milligan Ex parte
SITUS situation,, location 5. Pet. R. 524.
A sole proprietorship, also known as the sole trader, individual entrepreneurship or proprietorship, is a type of enterprise that is owned and run by one person and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business entity. A sole trader does not necessarily work 'alone'—it is possible for the sole trader to employ other people.
The sole trader receives all profits (subject to taxation specific to the business) and has unlimited responsibility for all losses and debts. Every asset of the business is owned by the proprietor and all debts of the business are the proprietor's. It is a "sole" proprietorship in contrast with partnerships (which have at least two owners).
A sole proprietor may use a trade name or business name other than their or its legal name. They may have to legally trademark their business name if it differs from their own legal name, the process varying depending upon country of residence Source : Wikipedia
A business entity owned and managed by one individual. The owner, called a sole proprietor, does not pay separate income tax on the company, but reports all losses and profits on his/her individual tax return. Because the owner is indistinguishable from the business, he/she remains personally liable for all debts of the business. Source: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/sole_proprietorship
"Note: IR-2019-58, March 27, 2019
WASHINGTON — As part of its ongoing security review, the Internal Revenue Service announced today that starting May 13 only individuals with tax identification numbers may request an Employer Identification Number (EIN) as the “responsible party” on the application.
An EIN is a nine-digit tax identification number assigned to sole proprietors, corporations, partnerships, estates, trusts, employee retirement plans and other entities for tax filing and reporting purposes."
Individuals named as responsible party must have either a Social Security number (SSN) or an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN).
Notice: A sole proprietor is considered an employer above ! So how is a living being (born without a tax id number made a sole proprietor when they have no business? because the individual is birthed as a business name its not you! The application for live birth is an application for a name ( title ) as is given a individual tax id number (which is used to get an EIN for a sole proprietor which it already is)
SOJOURN, v.i. so'jurn. To dwell for a time; to dwell or live in a place as a temporary resident, or as a stranger, not considering the place as his permanent habitation. So Abram sojourned in Egypt. Gen. 12.
SO'JOURNER, n. A temporary resident; a stranger or traveler who dwells in a place for a time. We are strangers before thee and sojourners, as all out father were. I Chron. 29.
SO'JOURNING, ppr. Dwelling for a time.SO'JOURNING, n. The act of dwelling in a place for a time; also, the time of abode. Ex. 12.
SO'JOURNMENT, n. Temporary residence, as that of a stanger or traveler.
Means condition or status
Status \Sta"tus\ (st[=a]"t[u^]s), n. [L.]
State; condition; position of affairs. [1913 Webster]
Status in quo
The State citizen is immune from any and all governmental attacks and procedure , absent contract . see, Dred Scott vs, Sanford, 60 U.S. (19 How. )393 or as the Supreme court has stated clearly, " ... every [ natural ] man is independent of all laws, except those prescribed by nature. He is not bound by any institutions [ Govern-ments Agencies ] formed by his fellowmen without his consent .' CRUDEN vs. NEALE, 2 N.C. 338 2 S. E. 70
Overstanding: Notice he can be! with his consent. We are either in or out of yahawah's Kingdom, there is no middle . Your condition is accepted or rejected not partially accepted
My name in john-henry from the house of Doe and I am a man domiciled on the soil of California at the land jurisdiction at common law. However before we continue I would like to have the opposition certify the bond for subrogation so I don't get harmed and I want the debt to be paid from the bond and remaining credit sent to me. .
Meaning : the termination of many English words, is the Teutonic form of the Latin or; the one contracted from wer, the other from vir, a man. It denotes an agent, originally of the masculine gender, but now applied to men or things indifferently; as in farmer, heater, grater. At the end names of places, er signifies a man of the place; Londoner is the same as London-man. Webster's 1828 online
Overstanding :The clue to the man who is executing an action
Meaning : a termination of Latin nouns, is a contraction of vir, a man, or from the same radix. The same word vir, is in our mother tongue, wer, and from this we have the English termination er.
It denotes an agent, as in actor, creditor. We annex it to many words of English origin, as in lessor, as we do er to words of Latin and Greek origin, as in astronomer, laborer. In general, or is annexed to words of Latin, and er to those of English origin.
Overstanding: The clue a person is acting as an agent
(Law) One who is bound with and for another who is primarily liable, and who is called the principal; one who engages to answer for another's appearance in court, or for his payment of a debt, or for performance of some act; a bondsman; a bail. [1913 Webster]
He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it. --Prov. xi. 15. [1913 Webster]
A sweep account is an account set up at a bank or other financial institution where the funds are automatically managed between a primary cash account and secondary investment account
Meaning : Earth; soil; Black's law Sixth
Innerstanding : Terra is the earth or the real ground and soil . Land on the other hand is a latin word lanna or wool blanket ; so a covering over of the terra. If you have land you have only a territorial use and so no real substance just a right of possession (single droit / or right) a so called "interest" ownership only and are not full owner of the ground in droit droit with full powers over the ground.
The Terra is the true Earthen ground and so called "land" is only the title to its use
Land Title. ( title means name) As no one save the maker Yahawah , can own the earth . He just gave us dominion over it
Then God said "let us make man in our image, according to our likeness, let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air , an over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth" Genesis 1 :26
We have been incorrectly taught that land is what we walk on ! However in reality they have us walking on paper titles as fictions foolishly claiming land titles and not the terra dominion we were promised.
2 Peter 2:3 3In their greed these teachers will exploit you with fabricated stories. Their condemnation has long been hanging over them, and their destruction has not been sleeping.
Romans 8:20-21 20For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope 21that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the freedom and glory of the children of God.
TRI'UNE, adjective [Latin tres and unus.] Three in one; an epithet applied to God, to express the unity of the Godhead in a trinity of persons.
Trial by record, a trial which is had when a matter of record is pleaded, and the opposite party pleads that there is no such record. In this case the trial is by inspection of the record itself, no other evidence being admissible. --Blackstone..
Meaning : In contract law an unconscionable contract is one that is unjust or extremely one-sided in favor of the person who has the superior bargaining power. An unconscionable contract is one that no person who is mentally competent would enter into and that no fair and honest person would accept.
Innerstanding : A contract made without full disclosure which has unforeseen ramifications
U.S.C. § 1746. Unsworn declarations under penalty of perjury
Wherever, under any law of the United States or under any rule, regulation, order, or requirement made pursuant to law, any matter is required or permitted to be supported, evidenced, established, or proved by the sworn declaration, verification, certificate, statement, oath, or affidavit, in writing of the person making the same (other than a deposition, or an oath of office, or an oath required to be taken before a specified official other than a notary public), such matter may, with like force and effect, be supported, evidenced, established, or proved by the unsworn declaration, certificate, verification, or statement, in writing of such person which is subscribed by him, as true under penalty of perjury, and dated, in substantially the following form: (1)If executed without the United States: "I declare (or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date).
(2)If executed within the United States, its territories, possessions, or commonwealths: "I declare (or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date).
Vest \Vest\ (v[e^]st), v. i. To come or descend; to be fixed; to take effect, as a title or right; -- followed by in; as, upon the death of the ancestor, the estate, or the right to the estate, vests in the heir at law. [1913 Webster]
If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. 1 Peter 4:11
VERIFICATION, practice. The examination of the truth of a writing; the testimony that the writing is true. Vide Authentication.
VERIFICATION, pleading. Whenever new matter is introduced on either side, the plea must conclude with a verification or averment, in order that the other party may have an opportunity of answering it. Carth. 337; 1 Lutw. 201; 2 Wils. 66; Dougl. 60; 2 T. R. 576; 1 Saund, 103, n. 1; Com. Dig. Pleader, E. 2. The usual verification of a plea containing matter of fact, is in these words, "And this he is ready to verify," &c. See 1 Chit. Pl. 537, 616; Lawes, Civ. Pl. 144; 1 Saund, 103, n. 1; Willes, R. 5; 3 Bl. Com. 309. 3. In one instance however, new matter need not conclude with a verification and then the pleader may pray judgment without it; for example, when the matter pleaded is merely negative. Willes, R. 5; Lawes on Pl. 145. The reason of it is evident, a negative requires no proof; and it would therefore be impertinent or nugatory for the pleader, who pleads a negative matter, to declare his readiness to prove it.